Wednesday, May 21, 2008

Al Tafsir`Fakhr Ar-Razi:Tafsir Al-Kabir


Al Tafsir Fakhr Ar-Razi (Tafsir Kabir) (Arabic Only)
Hardback 11 Books (32 Volumes)
Published By Dar Al Fikr Beirut, Lebanon

Al-Tafseer al-Kabir: This is the work of Imam Fakhr al-din al-Razi (died 606 Hijrah). Its real name is Mafatih al-Ghayb, but is popularly known as Tafseer Kabir'. Imam Razi is an imam of the theology of Islam, therefore, great emphasis has been laid in his tafseer on rational and scholastic debates and on the refutation of false sects'. But, the truth is that this tafseer is, in its own way, a unique key to the Qur'an as well. Furthermore, the pleasing way in which the meanings of the Qur'an have been clarified and the mutual link of the Qur'anic verses established, is all too praise-worthy. Most likely, Imam Razi himself wrote down his tafseer as far as Surah al-Fath. Onwards from there, he could not complete. So, the remaining part of the tafseer, from Surah al-Fatiha to the end, was completed by Qadi Shihab al-Din ibn Khalil al-Khawli al-Dimashqi (died 639 Hijrah) or Shaykh Najm al-Din Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Qamuli (died 777 Hijrah). (Kashaf al-Zunun v. 2, p. 477)

Imam Razi has particularly emphasised scholastic debates and the refutation of false sects in accordance with the dictates of his time, and while doing so, his discussions have become too lengthy at several places, therefore, some people have made the following comment on his tafseer: 'There is everything in this (book) except the tafseer.' But this comment is a terrible injustice to Tafseer Kabir. That which is the truth has already been stated above, namely, that this tafseer enjoys a high rating as far as the resolution of the meanings of the Qur'an is concerned. But, there are places where he has explained verses of the Qur'an while moving away from the consensus of the ummah, however, such places are very thinly spread out in this book

About Fakhr Al-Din Al-Razi

Born 543AH/ 1149, Rayy, Iran

Died 606AH/ 1209, near Hert, Khwrezm

Muhammad ibn `Umar ibn al-Hasan ibn al-Husayn Abu `Abd Allah al-Qurashi, al-Bakri, al-Taymi, al-Tabaristani al-Shafi`i, known as Ibn al-Khatib and as Fakhr al-Din al-Razi was born in Rayy near present-day Tehran in AH 543 or 544/ad 1149-50 and died in 606AH/1209), Shaykh al-Islam, the imam of the learned scholars of kalam and the foundations of belief, a major jurist of the Shafi`i school, specialist of usul, Commentator of the Qur'an, Philologist, genealogist, heresiographer, logician, Mathematician, Astronomer and physician.

An ocean that contains more pearls than the ocean.' The principal spokesman of Ahl al-Sunnah in his time, he refuted all the sects with which he came into contact, particularly the multifarious groups of the Mu`tazila, Shi`a, and Hashwiyya as well as the Jews and Christians. A student of his father Khatib al-Rayy Diya' al-Din `Umar and Majd al-Din al-Jili al-Maraghi principally, then Abu Muhammad al-Baghawi and Kamal al-Din al-Simnani, he memorized early on Imam al-Haramayn's work in kalam entitled al-Shamil. He began his scholarly career in poverty and died at sixty-three at the height of fame and wealth, poisoned, it is said, by the Karramiyya of Herat who were envious of his great following among the princes of Khurasan.

He traveled widely before settling in Herat (in modern Afghanistan). The author of more than 100 books (on subjects as diverse as medicine, mineralogy, and grammar), he gained fame and wealth through his scholarship and skill in debate, in which he often presented unorthodox views fully and favorably before refuting them. Though this led to accusations of heresy, it has preserved information about little-known sects. His works include one of the major commentaries on the Qur'an, The Keys to the Unknown (or The Great Commentary), and Collection of the Opinions of Ancients and Moderns,

12 comments:

Syed Hasnain Imam said...

This is one of the greatest Tafsir of all times. I wonder if it has been translated into English for the international readership If not please feel free to contact me for its translation. On request I will send you my translation sample. You can also read my Tafsir translation as Message of Qur'an By Nasir Makarem Shirazi of Iran.
Hasnain Imam

Ashek said...

"Mafatīh ul-Ghayb" also known as "Tafsir Kabir". But there is no translation but Arabic. We need Bangla.

Thank you
Ashek Murshed
www.ashekmurshed.blogspot.com

Sayfull Allah said...

Where can I buy this tafsir?

MAQ Riyad said...

Is this Tafseer is better then Ibn Katheer. Because till now I had know that Ibn Khathir is the best one.

Butterfly said...

Thank you very much brother for your comments. I am very fond of to study his Tafsir but I don't know Arabic very well. if you a copy of English please forward me to my mail address. email is raj0264@ymail.com. many thanks

Butterfly said...

Thank you very much brother for your comments. I am very fond of to study his Tafsir but I don't know Arabic very well. if you a copy of English please forward me to my mail address. email is raj0264@ymail.com. many thanks

Butterfly said...

Thank you very much brother for your comments. I am very fond of to study his Tafsir but I don't know Arabic very well. if you a copy of English please forward me to my mail address. email is raj0264@ymail.com. many thanks

mohammad awais said...

this tafsir I need in urdu. have any link send me.

HSA said...

Asalam o Alaikum, I will be really obliged if you can send me the english translation of this great work. Jazak Allah. My e-mail is humayun_asghar2002@yahoo.com.

Watterhub (Tanzania) Limited said...

Assalaam Aalykum! I will appreciate a lot if you can send to me English Translation of Imam Razi Tafsir. My email is watterhub@gmail.com

Shafiu Shaibu said...

Please could you send me an English translation of this Tafsir?

Shafiu.

Zubair Ahmed said...

does anyone have urdu version of this tafseer?